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Håkan Johansson. Foto: Patrik Hekkala

Håkan Johansson

FD | Professor

Håkan Johansson. Foto: Patrik Hekkala



  • de Moor Joost
  • Katrin Uba
  • Mattias Wahlström
  • Magnus Wennerhag
  • Kajsa Emilsson
  • Håkan Johansson


  • Mattias Wahlström
  • Piotr Kocyba
  • Michiel De Vydt
  • Joost De Moor

Summary, in English

The #FridaysForFuture climate protests mobilized more than 1.6 million people around the globe in March 2019. Through a school strike, a new generation has been galvanized, representing a historical turn in climate activism. This wave of climate protest mobilization is unique in its tactics, global scope and appeal to teenage school students. Media coverage of these protests and high-level national and international political meetings involving the movement’s icon, Greta Thunberg, illustrate a level of global attention that no previous youth movement has ever received.
A team of social scientists from universities across Europe1 organized a survey of the global FFF strike events on March 15. The team surveyed protesters in 13 cities in nine European countries using the same research design to collect data, following the well-established protest survey methodology used previously in the “Caught in the Act of Protest: Contextualizing Contestation” (CCC) project.
The significant presence of young first-timers in the strike signals the emergence of a new generation of climate activists and the possible development of FFF as a broader, grassroots movement, with a strong female presence and reliance on social media and peer networks. It highlights limited
commitment to established environmental organisations, with varying interpretations of the importance of lifestyle politics and a hopeful attitude towards the future. Further research will be needed to follow the development of the first mass youth mobilization on climate change. During the second global school strike on May 24, 2019, new surveys were organized in Stockholm and Budapest.


  • Socialhögskolan








Protest for a future: : Composition, mobilization and motives of the participants in Fridays For Future climate protests on 15 March, 2019 in 13 European cities




  • Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
  • Sociology
  • Political Science


  • Social Movement
  • Environmental movement
  • Climate politics
  • Environmental politics
  • Protest surveys
  • Global climate strike
  • Demonstration